Text: Revelation 21:9-27††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† U Rogate (6th Sunday of Easter)
The Bride, the Wife of the Lamb
††††††††††† In the name of him who has overcome the world, dear friends in Christ:† From time to time during Jesusí earthly ministry, his disciples would express some frustration that his normal method of teaching involved the use of various parables and figures of speech.† They complained that they didnít always understand what he was talking about.† We get a glimpse of this in this morningís Gospel lesson in which we hear the disciples rejoicing that Jesus is finally speaking to them in plain terms.† The funny thing is that though he is speaking clearly, they still donít quite understand himóthey only think they do.† But despite the disciplesí complaint, the fact of the matter is that teaching by parable or analogy or metaphor or any other figure of speech is a highly effective method of communicating ideas because these techniques paint word pictures in the mind of the hearers that are able to impress concepts upon them more deeply and thoroughly than plain words alone can do.† They add levels of color and insight.† Itís like the difference between having someone describe to you a black and white photograph of your favorite dessert and actually having a dish of it in front of you where you can see it and smell and taste it, and feel the texture of it in your mouth.† An effective figure of speech can do something like that for youóif you have the key to unraveling what stands for what in the image.† The disciples didnít always have that; at first, anyway Ė thatís why they often didnít understand what Jesus said.
But, fortunately, as we heard Jesus say in last weekís Gospel reading, he would soon be sending his disciples the Holy Spirit.† The Lord explained that when the Spirit came (at Pentecost, as we know) he would lead the disciples into all truth.† Before the time of his passion, death, and resurrection, Jesus knew very well that the disciples couldnít understand everything he was talking about; but he assured them that with the Spiritís help they would be reminded of the things that he had said while he was with them, and further that their minds would be spiritually enlightened to understand what they couldnít before. And one more thing:† Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would reveal to them certain things that are yet to come.
All of which leads me to this morningís rather fantastic reading taken from the Revelation of the Apostle John.† In it the beloved disciple of Jesus is given a vision of the future glory of the Church.† It is described to us (not surprisingly) in a style rich in the use of symbolism called ďapocalypticĒówhich can be thought of as sort of an extended figure of speech.† That is to say the things John describes that he sees and hears represent and convey truths about other things entirely.† So what I propose we do this morning Ė with the illumination and guidance of the Holy Spirit Ė is to unravel the mystery of Johnís vision so that we too can understand plainly what the Lord Jesus is teaching us through this extended figure of speech.
††††††††††† But before we do that, I need to mention briefly what is
the overarching theme of the entire Book of Revelation so that you can see
where this particular part fits into the big picture.† Recall that John was given the series of
visions we call the Revelation while he was in exile of the
††††††††††† Itís in this context that Jesus gives John the revelations he recorded for us.† And the main thrust of them is that God is in complete control of all human history, and heís driving that history for the sake of his chosen people Ė the people he loves and whom heís called out by the Gospel of Jesus Christ to live with him in glory forever.† Collectively these people are called the Church.† And what we see throughout the Revelation is that the Church has to endure various kinds of hardships and trials and setbacks and even betrayals by some within its ranks (just like Jesus did); but not to worry:† God knows it.† He planned it that way.† So hang in there tough because those who endure in the faith till the end will be given the crown of life.† No matter how bad it gets; donít give up:† God wins in the end.† And so will you if remain faithful to the Lord Jesus.† Thatís what Revelation is all about.
††††††††††† Okay, with this in mind it will also be helpful to know also that the symbols used to describe the Church keep changing throughout the Book of Revelation depending on what thoughts and ideas are being conveyed at any given moment.† So, for example, early in the book the Christian Church is on earth is represented by seven golden lampstands with the glorified Lord Jesus walking in the midst of them.† The picture there is that in this dark world the Church is split up into little, individual points of light.† Each congregation Ė wherever the Word of Christ is proclaimed and his Sacraments are faithfully administered is like a lamp in the darkness where the Light of Christ shines, and where he who is the Light of the world is present.† It also shows that though there are many points of light, Jesus is the one Lord of them all.
All right then, later in the Revelation, the Church is pictured as a woman who is heavily pregnant with child. Sheís having painful contractions because the time of her delivery is near; but she canít stop and rest because sheís being pursued by a terrifying dragon.† This dragon sees her desperate situation and hopes to be on hand when she has her baby because he plans to make a meal of it.† (Hey, I didnít say it was a pretty picture.)† Anyway, itís a description of how Satan is always after the Church and how he wants to destroy and devour first Christ himself, who is the Firstborn of God, and then also all those who are made Godís children in the Church through the rebirth of Holy Baptism into Jesus.† As the vision continues, the woman gives birth to a baby son Ė and just when it looks like all is lost and the dragon is about to get his snack, God intervenes and catches the child up into heaven.† He also gives the woman a safe place to hide.† Again, itís a picture of how the children of God are rescued by him, and also how the Church, though it must remain in the world till the end, is kept under Godís protection.
Good.† If youíre still with me,
the whole thing comes to its climax at the end of Revelation where a lot of
these pictures and themes that describe the Church all come together.† Thatís the part we heard today in which
Interestingly enough, the angel serving as Johnís tour guide doesnít call what John is about to see a city; but instead the Bride and Wife of the Lamb Ė which itself is a rather strange mix of metaphors.† The Lamb, of course, is Christ; but by referring to him as the Lamb, whatís being emphasized is his role as the Churchís Savior.† He is the Lamb who was slain to take away the sins of the world, the Lamb who even now gives his body and blood to cover her sins and to sustain her in the saving faith.† That the Church is called the Lambís Bride and Wife speaks of the intimacy and supreme closeness we will know with Jesus in the life to come.† The Church has grown up, so to speak.† She is no longer a little child under discipline in her parentsí house.† Thatís her life in this world.† Then she could only dream of the freedom and joy she would have when her Prince took her away.† But now sheís come of age, and she is beautifulóabsolutely stunning in her wedding gown, and from this day forth sheís going to live with her husband in a sacred union for all eternity.†
And so John looks, no doubt expecting to see a woman like the Church appeared to him before Ė but now itís not a single individual, but instead an entire glorious city, the New Jerusalem, made of precious, sparkling gems.† The idea here is that the individual points of light that represented the scattered Church on earth have all come together into a single, sacred community in which all the inhabitants have perfect fellowship with Christ and with one another. And this city is surrounded by a high and mighty wall.† It represents the safety and security of those who dwell inside.† They are protected by God forever from anything that might harm them.
Then John goes into some detail to describe the gates of the city.† Whatís remarkable is the large number of
them.† In ancient times walled cities
usually had a relatively small number of gates.
Thatís because they were hard to defend and they wanted to limit access
so they could keep close tabs on the coming and going of strangers.† But now twelve gates, three on each
side open to the four cardinal directions of the compass, suggest that the city
is open to all Ė people from all over the earth, people from every race are
streaming in to take up residence.† There
are no strangers here.† In fact, the
gates are inscribed with the names of the twelve tribes of
This is emphasized by the angels that are posted, one for each gate.† Sometimes they are thought of mostly as guards for the city; but the important thing to remember is that an angel is primarily a messenger.† Thatís what the word angel means.† And so the idea is that entrance to the city is achieved by hearing the message of Gospel that comes to us from the agents God sends to speak his Word.† Itís by hearing the message of Christís death for our sins that the Holy Spirit works faith in people Ė and thatís what makes the people of every nation on earth citizens of the city who are free to come in.† No matter where they come from or what language they speak, the Gospel message they hear is the same.† This is further highlighted by the fact that names of the twelve Apostles are laid as the foundations of the walls and gates. †Elsewhere in Scripture the Church is said to have as its foundation the teaching and doctrine of the prophets and apostles.† And so what we are to understand is that the Gospel of Jesus Christ proclaimed by the angels at the gates stands on the whole revealed Word of God. Itís in the entirety of Christís teaching and the fullness of the Churchís doctrine derived from Genesis to Revelation that the gates are kept open for people to come in.† There is perhaps an implied warning for us here too.† The walls and gates are supported by Christís teaching. The suggestion is that if you undermine the doctrine of the Church you make its entry points unstable and its overall sturdiness doubtfull.† Today some people think that in order to be more open the Church should relax some of its teachings.† Todayís text would suggest that the opposite is true.† Finally of the gates we are told that each one is carved from a single pearl.† This, of course, speaks of the beauty and priceless worth of the Gospel of Jesus Christ that Godís messengers proclaim.† (I suppose it also says something about the enormous size of the oysters in heaven Ė and though it would probably be a mistake to take this image too literally, I hope you all like seafood.† A lot.† ďWhatís the special for today?Ē† Whaddaya think?† Itís oyster stew, same as always!Ē† ďOh no, not again!Ē And about here is where we need Forrest Gumpís friend, Bubba, to tell us all the ways that oysters can be prepared: ďTheyís fried oysters, bawled oysters, raw oysters on the half shell ÖĒ)
(You see, there is a real danger in taking the symbolic images in Revelation too literally.† The important thing to capture is the meaning behind the symbols.)† And that leads me to the last thing described in todayís text:† how the glory of God fills and illumines the City in such a way that it has no need of an external light source like the sun or moon.† It glows with Godís Light Ė the Light of Christ Ė from within.† This isnít so much a statement about how weíre going to have light to see by in heaven Ė thatís not what itís talking about.† You see the true glory of God is not how bright he appears or how many lumens he is able to radiate.† No, his true glory is his love for us in Christ Jesus.† This glory was revealed most clearly on a dark day, when Christ our Lord was crucified; but thatís where God revealed his immense and limitless love for us.† Thatís the glory Godís people will share:† Godís perfect love for us, in us, and through us to one another.† And thatís why too everything that does not exhibit Godís love will be excluded from the city:† all that is detestable and false, all that is sin and selfishness, all that is in us now which fails to radiate with the love of Christóall that will be left outside, and we will live together with God and one another in perfect peace and harmony forever.
All whose names are written in the Lambís Book of Life Ė as little Alainaís was written today Ė and as yours too was written on the day you were first brought to Jesus and made part of his Church by the cleansing and rebirth of Holy Baptism.† And now we wait with hopeful expectation for that endless day to dawn as a bride anticipates the day of her wedding Ė and what a day it will be.† So may Christ our Lord, the great Bridegroom of the church, who has already overcome the world, bring us safely through every tribulation to his endless life and perfect peace.† In his holy name.† Amen.
Soli Deo Gloria!